Chandrayaan-3 Rover Confirms Presence of Oxygen on the Moon’s Surface

Chandrayaan-3 Rover Confirms Presence of Oxygen on the Moon’s Surface

The Chandrayaan-3 rover has confirmed the presence of oxygen on the lunar surface. In addition to this discovery, revelations about the presence of aluminum (Al), sulfur (S), calcium (Ca), iron (Fe), chromium (Cr), and titanium (Ti) on the moon’s surface have also been made. The presence of manganese (Mn) and silicon (Si) on the lunar surface has also been identified. According to ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation), extensive investigations are underway regarding the presence of hydrogen.

The breakthrough came from the laser-equipped Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) instrument mounted on the rover, which conducted the first in-situ assessment of the fundamental structure of the lunar surface near the southern pole. LIBS is a scientific technique that analyzes the composition of materials by bringing them into contact with intense laser pulses. The LIBS payload was developed at the Electro-Optics System (LEOS) laboratory of ISRO in Bangalore.

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